26 April 2022

Jaguar TCS Racing reveals how its software engineers create bespoke code for each race in the ABB FIA Formula E World Championship

  • Jaguar TCS Racing reveals how its software engineers create bespoke code for each race in the ABB FIA Formula E World Championship
  • Driver-in-the-loop simulators enable Jaguar’s I-TYPE 5 to undergo race-by-race software changes significantly greater than comparable motorsport categories
  • Jaguar’s software learnings through racing inform software-over-the-air updates for customers – each update can include more than 18 million lines of code, validated by more than 5 million tests totalling over 23,000 hours
  • Race-winning state-of-the-art tools and processes will help Jaguar to deliver more software updates – faster – in the future

Every street circuit in the ABB FIA Formula E World Championship is a unique challenge. To meet that challenge, the software in Jaguar TCS Racing’s I-TYPE 5 race car is developed for every track too.

The engineering team relentlessly optimise every single parameter, delivering the optimum calibration for the conditions specific to each of the race locations around the world in season eight – and to take in the learnings from the preceding race, ensuring that even the smallest improvements can be fully exploited.

This means multiple different software releases have to be developed, tested, validated and signed-off – a level of development more intense than any other comparable motorsport category. Jaguar TCS Racing uses some of the world’s most advanced hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) and driver-in-the-loop (DIL) simulators to achieve this in the compressed timescales between races.

More than 36TB of data has been collected from Diriyah, Mexico and Rome. Learnings from this have been integrated into the software that will be running in Monaco this Saturday, helping drivers Mitch Evans and Sam Bird to get the best possible start on this iconic street circuit. The iterative, exhaustive optimisation process will continue through to the final race of the Formula E season in Seoul.

This capability enables the team to develop and validate all of the software in-house, and far quicker than is possible with traditional computer-aided engineering (CAE) tools and test rigs. All of the learning is shared with the engineering teams developing Jaguar’s production cars, and leveraging this partnership is helping to reduce development timescales for both race and road.


Formula E races are exciting to watch and what stands out to most people is how incredibly competitive it is. There is usually less than half a second per lap separating the top 15 cars, so to be successful we have to extract the best performance possible from our Jaguar I-TYPE 5 race car.

Software is the critical element above all that delivers results in season, so we develop each algorithm and every single line of code using state-of-the-art virtual tools and simulations to deliver even the smallest improvements in performance, efficiency and robustness. The same is true for road cars as well, and that’s why the knowledge we gain from racing is helping to make Jaguar’s range of electrified vehicles even better.

James Barclay
Director, Jaguar TCS Racing Team Principal

While the carbon-fibre monocoque and 54kWh battery used in the Championship are common between all eleven teams, Jaguar TCS Racing develops its own powertrain in-house, including the light, compact and efficient electric motor, transmission and inverter.

Championship regulations determine a limited amount of track testing that must be completed prior to hardware development being frozen for the duration of the corresponding homologation period. This is why software development is at heart of Formula E because it enables the most efficient use of every joule of energy flowing in and out of the battery. Every marginal gain is sought to continuously improve the car throughout the season.

The same approach applies to production cars too, except here drivers can benefit from updates made to their vehicles remotely, via software-over-the-air (SOTA). This is used to deliver enhancements not only in powertrain but also to functionality within domains such as advanced driver assistance systems, infotainment and connectivity.

A typical SOTA update can include more than 18 million lines of code, validated by more than 5 million tests conducted in more than 340 locations worldwide and totalling over 23,000 hours before being released to customers.

Already this year, SOTA has delivered Amazon Alexa and what3words navigation, together with enhanced timed charging functionality and the ability to set a maximum charge level for the all-electric I-PACE and E-PACE and F-PACE plug-in hybrid models.

The continuous knowledge sharing from race to road will further benefit Jaguar TCS Racing and Jaguar customers – and is integral to the development of the next-generation Jaguar I-TYPE for season nine, and the next-generation all-electric Jaguars which, from 2025, will deliver emotionally engaging designs and pioneering next-generation technologies.

Further information

For further information about Jaguar TCS Racing, please contact:

Emily Hogg, Media Officer, Jaguar TCS Racing

Tel: + 44 (0) 7384 532 605



Adrian Atkinson, Global PR and Communications Manager, Jaguar TCS Racing

Tel: +44 (0) 7979 554005


Notes to Editors


Jaguar returned to racing in October 2016, becoming the first premium manufacturer to join the all-electric ABB FIA Formula E Championship street racing series. In season seven Jaguar TCS Racing finished runners-up in the ABB FIA Formula E World Championship teams’ standings - the most successful so far in Jaguar TCS Racing’s Formula E history.

Formula E is a real-world test bed for Jaguar with its journey to becoming an all-electric luxury brand from 2025. Jaguar TCS Racing will deliver new sustainable technologies and set new benchmarks in quality in support of Jaguar Land Rover’s Reimagine strategy.

Jaguar TCS Racing goal is to ‘Reimagine Racing’ and together the team will test, develop, learn and collaborate, sharing insights across Jaguar Land Rover which will benefit future road car development. Specifically, learnings and technology transfer from Formula E will help ‘Reimagine” the Jaguar brand coinciding with the company’s commitment to the Gen3 era of Formula E.

As an official manufacturer team in Formula E, Jaguar TCS Racing designs its own powertrain, which includes the motor, transmission, inverter and rear suspension.

To control costs, the carbon fibre chassis and battery are common components and the same for all eleven teams. This allows the focus to be on developing electric vehicle powertrains which are efficient and lightweight which will improve the performance and range of future Jaguar Land Rover electric vehicles.

The 2021/22 Formula E season is the second season of World Championship status as granted by the FIA – the sport’s governing body. It will be the fourth and final year for the teams to be racing with the futuristic Gen2 race cars.

Teams have two race cars, one per driver, which will be used for the full race distance of 45 minutes plus 1 lap.

Beyond its all-electric concept, Formula E is unique in the world of motorsport for its choice of venues. The championship takes place on temporary street circuits in the centre of the world’s major cities including Diriyah, Mexico City, Rome, Monaco, New York, London and ending in a double-header race weekend in Seoul.  

New Zealander, Mitch Evans finished season seven fourth in the drivers' championship and Jaguar TCS Racing finished second in the teams' standings - the most successful so far in Jaguar TCS Racing’s Formula E history - with eight podiums, two wins, one pole position and 177 points scored. After his first season with the team, Briton, Sam Bird finished sixth in the championship with two wins, three podiums and a pole position

Race to Innovate

Formula E remains a key priority for Jaguar Land Rover and the company’s Reimagine strategy. As the only all-electric world championship, Formula E allows us to test and develop new electric vehicle technologies in a high-performance environment. It continues to be the test-bed for our Race to Innovate mission that will see Race to Road and Road to Race learnings that will help shape our electric future – a future that Jaguar is passionate about, and dedicated to for the benefit of our society, the changing landscape of mobility, sustainability and our customers.

About Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)

Tata Consultancy Services is an IT services, consulting and business solutions organization that has been partnering with many of the world’s largest businesses in their transformation journeys for over 50 years. TCS offers a consulting-led, cognitive powered, integrated portfolio of business, technology and engineering services and solutions. This is delivered through its unique Location Independent Agile™ delivery model, recognized as a benchmark of excellence in software development.

A part of the Tata group, India's largest multinational business group, TCS has over 556,000 of the world’s best-trained consultants in 46 countries. The company generated consolidated revenues of US $22.2 billion in the fiscal year ended March 31, 2021 and is listed on the BSE (formerly Bombay Stock Exchange) and the NSE (National Stock Exchange) in India. TCS' proactive stance on climate change and award-winning work with communities across the world have earned it a place in leading sustainability indices such as the MSCI Global Sustainability Index and the FTSE4Good Emerging Index. For more information, visit